Speed Up Fracture Healing

Broken Bones Fracture Treatment | Broken Bone Fracture Surgery | Symptoms, Healing and Recovery Time

29 Jul

A bone that has been given more pressure than its normal load may break, leading to a fracture. It is different from a dislocated bone wherein the bone does not separate but it only moves away from its original position. Some cases of broken bones fractures cause the fractured segment to move a little or move out of place from their normal position while others will break in place and will only need realignment.

Types of Broken Bones

A broken bone fracture can be distinguished as one of the following:
• Open or Compound Fracture. It is the case wherein any part of the broken bone is dislodged and shows through the skin. Movement of the affected part may lead to the bones being dislocated even more.
• Stress Fracture. It is the kind of fracture that is caused by continuous and repetitive stress forces being applied on the bone. The presence of unequal stress and tension forces acting on the bone will cause it to bend to one side, the side where the force is greater.
• Closed Fracture. This is the broken bone fracture that is confined to the inside of the body. The severity of this case cannot be predicted prior to x-ray results. Sometimes miscalculation of the extent of the damage may lead to further problems.

Diagnosis for Broken Bones

The doctor will diagnose a fracture in case there is a break or split in a bone. The break can be of any size or shape. A dislocated bone may not be broken, but a broken bone may be dislocated. To distinguish between the two, the doctor needs to employ an x-ray examination so that proper diagnosis will be done. It is important for the doctor to diagnose the problem correctly because the mode of treatment will depend on the cause and nature of the problem. A doctor’s x-ray is the valid proof before a diagnosis is given.

Causes

A bone fracture can be caused by one or more of the following:

• Falling from a height of more than 4 feet
• Being involved with a motor or vehicle accident
• Experiencing a direct blow to a major bone
• Abusive behavior given to a child
• Forces acting on the bones while running

Symptoms of Broken Bones

The symptoms of a broken bone or fracture can be seen in the form of:

• Dislocated or misshapen limbs
• Swelling
• Bruising
• Bleeding
• Pain in the affected area
• Broken skin because of the protruding bone
• Failure to move the fractured area freely
• Total inability to move
• A crack signaling bone breakage

Treatment for Broken Bones

Treatment can be given in the form of first aid. Checking the person’s airway and breathing faculties is the first thing to do. If breathing is shallow or is totally absent, employing a CPR can be done. Bleeding should be stopped immediately. A simple fracture can be treated with a cast so that any movement will not dislocate the bones any further. Clutches and supports can be given in the case of the fracture in the tibia fibula. Fracture in the radius and ulna can be subjected to plaster cast. Fracture in the spinal column can be given internal surgery. Plates and pins are usually used in support to the neck brace if applicable.

The bone can be realigned using an external frame that is attached to the misplaced or separated bone. Using this frame, the bones will be kept in place by the screws and pins so that movement will not cause the rejoined bones to slide out of place again. Local anesthetic can also be used before manual realignment is done. Using external frame can only be recommended if the bones have the chance to heal quickly and if there are no segmental fractures involved. Cases wherein a compound fracture is present, there would be the need for more aggressive treatments other than manual bone relocation. The bones’ ends can be put back in place but it will need a calibrated MRI to aid the manual realignment. If the fracture is an open fracture, it is impossible to realign the bones that have pierced the skin without damaging any nerve ending. Hence, such cases need open surgery.

Healing Time or Recovery Time for Broken Bones: More than 7 weeks in general.

Prevention

There is a way to prevent broken bones, but there is no knowing when to apply it. A high bone density will lessen the instances of finding treatment for bone fractures. With stronger bones, you will be able to withstand a higher amount of force. Careful measurement of your steps will also prevent the occurrences of accidents, which can eventually lead to fractures. Having a balanced diet rich with calcium and Vitamin D can also make the densities of our bones fuller, healthier and stronger. If we could also make a habit of doing regular exercise that would be beneficial for the bones and the muscles because they can be conditioned to take up stress without getting weak and fragile.

When to Call A Doctor

You can call your medical assistance in case you hear your bones snap or crack after your bones have been subjected to a high force. Also, observe some symptoms like swelling, numbness, bruises, and pain. Your doctor will ask you many questions regarding your fracture so be ready. If the medics cannot come immediately, secure the fracture by putting it in a stable cast.

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