Fractures refer to the partial or full break in the bones. There are only two fracture types, which are: open and closed. Open fractures happen when the bone exist and then becomes visible in the skin. It is also called a compound fracture, a wound that triggers the bone to become exposed. On the other hand, the closed fractures occur when there is a break in the bone, but it does not become exposed to the skin. It is also referred to as a simple fracture.
Various Fracture Names
Aside from fracture types, fractures also have different names, and these are:
1. Greenstick- in this fracture, the bone is not fully separated, so it is more or less an incomplete fracture.
2. Transverse- in this fracture, there is a linear break in the bone.
3. Spiral- in this fracture, there are spiral breaks that are commonly a result of twisting.
4. Oblique- in this fracture, there is a diagonal break.
5 Compression- in this fracture, the bone has been crushed, which in turn results to the bone looking wider or flatter.
Diagnosis of Fracture Types
For the two fracture types, some diagnosis methods are similar while others vary. Basically, to diagnose an open fracture, the following procedures are done:
1. Physical Examination
2. CT Scan
3. X-ray Radiograph
On the other hand, to diagnose a closed fracture, a doctor will need to perform the following:
1. Physical Examination
3. CT Scan
Diagnosis procedures will depend on the location of the fracture, and the doctor may or may not require a combination of the above. Rehabilitation or rehab is required.
Causes of the Two Bone Fracture Types
Both open and closed fractures could be caused by any of the following:
1. Children and adults (especially the elderly) often have fractures because of falls from high places.
2. People can also develop fractures because of injury from slips, falling objects, and road accidents.
3. People may also have fractures (mild ones) from activities that stress the foot, ankle, hips, neck, and tibia. Sports-related and work-related activities can be attributed to mild fractures.
4. Children and spouses who are victims of domestic violence are highly susceptible to both fractures types.
Treatment of the Two Fractures Types
There are several treatment options for the two types of fractures. The most common one however is surgical procedure. Patients are often provided with plaster of Paris, used to immobilize the fracture. This helps ensure that the bones are aligned as they are supposed to be and also to facilitate fast healing. Some fractures would require that the plaster of Paris be secured with an external frame or with the insertion of pins. Other treatments would require the use of slings or splints, especially for the collarbone or toe bones. Patients are required to rest for a few weeks to a couple of months, and within this duration, rehabilitation is necessary especially for severe or complicated fractures. This is done so that the bones can function normally again.
On top of casts, splints, slings, and tractions, other forms of treatment include the intake of antibiotics to prevent infection, along with alternative treatment such as probiotics and calcium supplementation, especially for disease-related fractures.
Fracture Healing Time or Recovery Time: These take a month or more to heal depending upon the severity.
Prevention of Bone Injury
It is difficult to isolate one general preventive method to avoid the two fractures types or bone injuries. This is because there are a lot of reasons why people have fractures. Some people, especially the elderly, become probe to fractures because their bones are already brittle. In such cases, calcium supplements and the intake of calcium-enriched food and drinks would greatly help. The avoidance of possible causes of injury is also necessary. Athletes should wear protective clothing when playing, especially for highly physical sports such as soccer and American football. Abused individuals should make sure to report their case to proper authorities before they could end up with broken bones.
When to Call a Doctor
It is recommended that you call a doctor if you feel severe pain in one particular area in your body. It could be due to a fractured bone or it could be due to something else entirely, which will nevertheless need medical attention. If you were injured or figured in an accident, a pain in any part of the body would indicate a possible fracture. Moreover, if you see bone protrusions, this could be an open fracture and this needs immediate treatment to prevent the onset of infections.
Along the way, it is very important to keep the injured area immobilized because moving the fractured bone could make the condition much worse. Avoid unnecessary movement, and if possible, have someone assist you on your way to get medical help.