Insufficiency Fracture Treatment, Insufficiency Bone Fracture Symptoms, Healing Time, Surgery and Recovery
A bone fracture is a possibility that can happen to any bone in the body. It is important that the patients should know more about their disease. This would likely motivate them to do whatever they can to help hasten their recovery time. A good side to waiting for the fracture healing time to finish would be that the patient is really well-rested. Clubbing, partying, shopping with friends and many other activities cannot be done by an injured person with a brace on. This is because immobilization with the use of braces is very important to the healing process. If the fractured hip, thigh, wrist, pelvic bone or any other bones in the body has to stay immobile so that the bones or their fragments will continue to connect with one another without interruption. If the bones keep on moving, the result might be deformed bones which might no longer be restored to their normal condition. It is best to entrust everything to the doctor, except may be for the first aid treatment.
Fractures can happen when the bones are hit with an extreme impact that would really be able to crack, break, or bend a bone. Even when these bones are naturally strong as long as they are provided with enough sources of calcium phosphate, there are still times when the impact would be too strong to resist. Constant high impact to any part of the body would cause the muscles to be too stressed out that they might give up. However, the stress from the constant impact still needs to be taken by something else aside from the muscles which have already worn out their shock resistance. In this case, the muscles would pass on the stress to the bones. As time passed by, the stress felt by the bones would crack them and some torn tendons and ligaments. This is called as stress fracture. It is this type of fracture that gives way to the types of insufficiency fracture.
Insufficiency Fracture Definition
Some of the common cases of insufficiency fracture would be the ones that happen in the sacrum region, subchondral, hip, knee, and pelvic bones. Insufficiency fractures do happen when the quality of the bone has become so low and weak that it can no longer carry the weight that it was used to carrying before. Just like any wooden pillar or foundation, the bones become weak over time if they are not taken care of and lacked supply of calcium phosphate. The best state of the bones would be at the age of 30 when they have the most deposit of calcium phosphate but it is already downhill from here in the quality of the bones. It would only take calcium supplements and a healthy diet for these body supporting-bones to come alive once more. Another reason why bones might lose their supporting structures is a disease, such as osteoporosis. Insufficiency bone fracture occurs when there are bone eating types of cancer too. These diseases can easily weaken the bones, resulting to broken insufficient bones.
Subchondral insufficiency fracture usually has the elderly people as its victims, who are mostly osteoporotic females. It is only shown here how osteoporosis can suck out all the calcium phosphate from the bones to make them weak. Subchondral inefficiency fracture knee is something that is common among obese people, but there are also some cases when active individuals would have this kind of insufficiency fractures. When this is diagnosed in its early stages, the fracture can be easily seen. Diagnostic tests would consist of x-ray and MRI scan.
Pelvic Insufficiency Fracture
This condition happens with the thinning of the pelvis which results to weak bones. Thus, the pelvic bone would no longer be as capable as it used to be when it comes to carrying the normal weight of the body. This thinning of the bones can be brought about by osteoporosis, increasing the risk of insufficiency injury. Among all the types of insufficiency injuries, the pelvic fracture is the most common. However, when watching out for certain fracture symptoms, it should be noted that this fracture also mimics the symptoms of insufficiency fracture hip. Only a consultation with a doctor would correctly determine the right insufficiency fracture treatment. Even if there are no accidents, falls or collisions, the injured patient might no longer be able to walk in extreme cases of fractured insufficient bone.
The symptoms of pelvic insufficiency injury are pain in the groin or buttocks and a painful sensation while walking. Pain is an ever present symptom in many other cases of fracture injuries. This is also felt by people who have insufficiency fracture knee, sacrum, and hips. Once pain is felt in some parts of the body after the injury or if consistent pain is felt, calling a doctor for consultation would be the most sensible thing to do.
Recovery time would start for a restored pelvis when treatment starts as well. There are several ways on how to heal this particular injury on the pelvis due to bone insufficiency. These options are short bed rest, physical therapy or rehab, and in some case, inpatient hospitalization to help the patient cope up with daily activities. After all these options are done, there can be a noted progress in walking. An additional treatment approach would be to try osteoporosis treatment or at least, a reduction of its severity, in order to keep the bones stronger for their weight bearing task.
Sacral Insufficiency Fracture
This sacral fracture is a condition wherein the sacral bone is no longer strong enough to carry the weight of the body. The sacrum is part of the pelvis that functions mainly to shift the weight of the body to the pelvic girdle. With the occurrence of sacral insufficiency fractures, the pelvic bone would become weak without proper support. Like the other insufficiency fractures, osteoporosis is pointed as the culprit of the weakening of the sacral bone.
In most cases, insufficiency fracture of sacrum occurs parallel to the spinal column. This is also likely associated with transverse fracture when the fracture happens on both sides of the sacrum. As a result, the pattern would look like an “H.”
In 1982, insufficiency fracture sacrum was discovered by Lourie, a doctor. This is caused by a reduced quality in the sacral bone. This fracture also causes pain in the back, buttock, hip, pelvis, and groin. Patients suffering bilateral sacral insufficiency fractures would find it difficult to even attempt to walk. It can make daily activities hard and painful to do.
Among all the causes of sacral insufficiency fracture, osteoporosis is the most common. This is a disease with low bone mass, wherein the bone tissues and calcium would decrease over time. As the minerals are absorbed by the disease, the bones would become more fragile and make them prone to a fractured sacrum.
There are other risks can weaken the bone even more such as radiation therapy, rheumatoid arthritis, steroid use, anorexia nervosa, hyperparathyroidism, osteopenia, liver transplantation, hip joint replacement, Paget’s disease, and lumbosacral fusion. Aside from elderly people, pregnant and breastfeeding women might experience pelvic insufficiency fracture or similar fractures.
Fracture of sacrum region can be treated with nonsurgical and surgical methods. On how to treat insufficiency fracture quick, this can be done with the help of bed rest, medicines for pain relief, and the use of crutches. After just two weeks, some fracture symptoms might already disappear. When these nonsurgical treatments are followed, the patient is safe from pain. Physical therapy or rehabilitation needs to be done after the medication. These rehab procedures include gentle massage, heat, and electrical stimulation.
Fracture surgery is another way to treat insufficiency fracture. However, this is rare in this kind of fracture. After fracture diagnosis, sacroplasty might be recommended by the doctor. This sacral insufficiency fracture treatment would require the use of polymethylmethacrylate, a type of bone glue, on the fracture. However, an experienced surgeon should be chosen to do the operation otherwise fracture complications might happen. Emedicine might be prescribed by the doctor if pain persists. There are other types of fractures that need surgery, such as Galeazzi fracture that affects the arm fracture; growth plate fracture that happens to undeveloped bones; glenoid fracture that is a fracture on the shoulder; hangman’s fracture that is a cervical fracture; and some other fractures. Only the doctor can tell when surgery is necessary. Just be sure to obey the doctor whatever he tells you to help rush the insufficiency fracture recovery time.