Speed Up Fracture Healing

Joint Fracture Treatment | Joint Bone Fracture Surgery | Fractured Joint Healing Time, Symptoms and Recovery

25 Jul

Joint fractures are damages on the bone which are caused by variety of factors like overuse/stress, direct or indirect trauma, and osteoporosis. Hairline stress is also joint fracture and this can be caused by the overuse of certain body part beyond what the body part can handle. Nutrient deficiencies particularly calcium deficiency is also one of the main causes of joint fracture as in the case of osteoporosis. Traumas, on the other hand, are also joint injuries that are primarily caused by falls or accidents. Despite the fact that human bones have the ability to absorb and bend to an impact, once the force of trauma already exceeds the level of resistance of the bone, there is a huge probability that the joint will break or even break in fragments.

Joint Fracture Types:

Joint fractures are classified according to how the bone was broken.

• Greenstick fracture. Type of incomplete fracture which happens on the side of the bone. This injury commonly happens on children and it is called greenstick because the injury somewhat looks like a tree branch that has been bent on the side.
• Transverse fracture. This type can be an incomplete or complete fracture and can happen along perpendicularly to the bone. This is considered the most common type of fracture that is caused by trauma.
• Impacted fracture. One of the types which are very hard to diagnose and treat. Impacted injuries are complete fractures which caused the bones to be cramped together.
• Torsion/Spiral fracture. It can either be an incomplete or complete fracture caused by the twisting of bones.
• Displaced fracture. A type of complete fracture wherein the bones are misaligned but still remained parallel to each other.
• Comminuted fracture.  A painful type of complete fracture wherein the bone is broken into two or smaller pieces.
• Avulsion fracture- a kind of injury wherein the ligament or tendon is ripped off from the bone due to trauma.

Diagnosis

The doctor will request for an x-ray so that he can quickly come up with the proper treatment of the fracture. There are some special cases, however, when x-rays are not enough to show a joint fracture. These are situations when the patient is suspected to have impacted fractures, occult fractures, or stress fractures. In these cases, an MRI will be requested instead of an x-ray. Physical examination can also be conducted as a supplementary examination.

Joint Fracture Causes

• Car accidents
• Fall or slip accidents
• Bicycle accidents
• Sports accidents (skiing, motorcycle riding)
• Gunshot

Joint Fracture Symptoms

• Extreme pain when affected area is touched or moved
• Broken or bruised skin on the suspected area of injury
• Abnormal shortening of the limbs
• Inability to support weight when force is placed on the injured area.
• Swelling or bumps
• Protruding bones on the skin (extreme cases)

Joint Fracture Treatment

For hairline or stress fractures, the best recommended type of treatment is for the patient to refrain doing the activity which has caused the injury for a couple of weeks. Other common recommendations are the use of casts or crutches. For more serious cases of fractures, immobilization of the bone can be required by the doctor. For cases like these, the physician will need to decide whether the patient will need an internal or an external fixation. External fixation requires the use of splints, braces, and casts while internal fixation need screws, pins, and metal plates. Special cases like when the patient has weight-bearing bones may need the use of wheelchair or crutches.

Internal fixations mostly need surgeries in order to implant the tools to hold together the fractured bones. This method is also highly needed especially when the patient sustained damage to some of his soft tissues or if he had an avulsion or a ripped ligament or tendon. After the operation, painkillers and medicines to counter inflammation may be taken by the patient.

Prevention

For athletes who are very accident-prone, wearing the proper protective gears and other supplementary padding can help a lot in preventing a joint fracture. They should also refrain from stretching their body’s limit and must do their trainings gradually. Other people who had their joint fractured due to calcium deficiency should stock up on these mineral and other vitamins to help strengthen or improve their bone health.

When to Call a Doctor

Immediately going to the doctor is necessary when the patient is already feeling unmanageable pain on the affected area. Athletes who also experience passing pains should also consult their physicians because this may be a sign of having a stress fracture.

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