When you fell and you felt pain in your arms or any part of your body, you should consider having it checked by a doctor. You may already have a broken bone or bone fracture. Bone fracture refers to the medical condition wherein the patient or any person concerned has encountered a broken bone.
There are talks about whether broken bones heal stronger, stronger than the original ones. This is also one of the things that will be discussed later in the article to possibly contemplate whether the talks are true or not.
Types of Injury that Cause Broken Bones
There are three main reasons why a fracture might happen to a person. These are all the types of injuries classified into three main categories for there are truly many reasons why a person might break a bone.
• High-energy injury. Broken bones are caused by a very strong force that also made a significant impact on the bones. This category would include falls, sports injuries, and car accidents. Injuries caused by these are also dubbed as traumatic fractures.
• Pathologic injury. A pathologic fracture is caused by some other problems with the body such as certain diseases. These are broken bones triggered by osteoporosis, infections, and tumors.
• Stress injuries. These are the factors that impose repetitive microtrauma to the bone. These factors are silently making an impact on the bones until the poor bones could not take the impacts any longer. No sudden changes can be observed but the condition of the broken bones eventually becomes worse as time passes by.
Common Types of Bone Fracture
Bone fracture may happen to any person of any gender and at any walk of life. What will be discussed here would be the most common types of bone fracture.
a. Stress fracture
What it is. It is basically an overuse injury. Microtrauma is inflicted on the bones which weaken them eventually when the bones can no longer put up with each shock. This usually happens to bones in the lower legs, foot or the shin bone. Athletes and marching soldiers are the usual victims of this fracture.
Diagnosis. The doctor has to study your history and the result of your physical exam. A bone scan is also done occasionally only for further confirmation.
Treatment. The patient needs rest, anti-inflammatory medication, and ice. The broken bones may take a healing time of six to eight weeks. In order to avoid re-injury, it is advisable to make the fractured bones take a rest or there might be a risk of the injury extending all throughout the entire bone.
b. Rib fracture
What it is. A direct blow to the ribs is all it takes for any of the bones to get injured. A person with a rib injury would find it hard to take deep breaths which could possibly lead to pneumonia, shortness of breath, cough, and fever. This is because without taking deep breaths, the lungs would be exposed to infection. Unlike other broken bones, you cannot relax your ribs for you still need to take deep breaths.
Diagnosis. Instead of rib x-rays, chest x-rays are usually taken in order to make sure that the lungs are still safe and have not collapsed or bruised.
Treatment. In order to help the ribs heal, it is recommended to put ice to the chest wall, take deep breaths, and take anti-inflammatory drugs and pain reliever. The patient would have to suffer four to six painful weeks.
c. Compression fracture
What it is. An example of this fracture is the compression fracture to the spine, more specifically the lumbar or thocacic spine. Such fracture is usually caused by aging and diseases such as osteoporosis that diminishes the calcium content of the bones. Pain is usually felt by patients especially with every movement.
Diagnosis. This can be detected by using an x-ray, CT scan or MRI in order to check the spinal cord for possible injuries.
Treatment. This can be treated with vertebroplasty, a back brace plus pain medication. Vertebroplasty is a procedure that consists of inserting some glue-like materials into the collapsed spinal vertebra so that when the glue hardens, it will act as the cast that will stabilize the weakened bone.
d. Skull fracture
What it is. This is usually caused by a head injury. Although the skull is a hard and compact bone, there is still a possibility of it cracking which is dangerous as this might mean possible bleeding in the brain.
Diagnosis. CT scans are usually done to check the extent of the damage. The doctor will examine the scalp and the skull closely and see if there is blood behind the ear drum. A neurologic exam may also be necessary.
Do Broken Bones Heal Stronger?
When bones actually become fractured and healed from it, there are still differing answers. There are some people who would say that if the bones are healed well, there is a chance that they will grow even stronger than the original ones. However, there are also others who would claim that is broken bones are healed, they might become as strong as the original ones with the passage of time but maybe not stronger.